Genealogy of the Turner family
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Male Abt 1824 - Abt 1863  (~ 39 years)

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  • Name John CUMMINS 
    Born Abt 1824 Holycross, Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Immigration 12 Apr 1855 Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2]  – Widower maybe "Simmonds"
    • CUMMINS Catherine 14
      CUMMINS James 5
      CUMMINS Johanna 6
      CUMMINS John 36
      CUMMINS Margaret 15
      CUMMINS Richard  12

      Margaret Cummins  abt 1840  14 Apr 1855  Simond  Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland  Female
      Catherine Cummins  abt 1841  14 Apr 1855  Simond  Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland  Female
      Richard Cummins  abt 1843  14 Apr 1855  Simond  Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland  Male
      Johanna Cummins  abt 1849  12 Apr 1855  Simond  Ballyposey, County Tipperary, Ireland  Female
    Cummins John 1855 Simmonds Arrival
    Immigration 14 Apr 1855 Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2]  – Widower maybe "Simmonds"
    • Widower on Embarkation
      CUMMINS John 36 parents John and Margaret, mother dead, father living on board, brother William Cummins at St Mary's South
      CUMMINS Margaret 15
      CUMMINS Catherine 14
      CUMMINS Richard  12
      CUMMINS Johanna 6
      CUMMINS James 5

      Margaret Cummins  abt 1840  14 Apr 1855  Simond  Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland  Female
      Catherine Cummins  abt 1841  14 Apr 1855  Simond  Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland  Female
      Richard Cummins  abt 1843  14 Apr 1855  Simond  Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland  Male
      Johanna Cummins  abt 1849  12 Apr 1855  Simond  Ballyposey, County Tipperary, Ireland  Female
    Cummins John 1855 Simmonds Arrival
    Immigration 9 Oct 1856 Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [3]  – "Vocalist"
    • John aged 31 years, father William, mother Catherine (both dead) farm labourner, Holy Cross, Tipperary,  has brother Joseph in Goulburn)
      Margaret aged 30 years, father James, mother Margaret St John (both dead)
      Catherine aged 2, parents John and Margaret
    Cummins John 1855 Arrival Vocalist
    Occupation 8 Nov 1856 Richlands, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    • Farmer on the birth certificate of his daughter Margaret.
    Died Abt 1863 Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Newspaper 11 Aug 1863 Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [6]  – This John is 18 years old
    • From Goulburn
      An inquest was held on the body of John Cummins, who was shot on Thursday while under escort of the police on the road from Bolong. The verdict given by the jury was " Wilful murder against a person at present unknown."
    Newspaper 13 Aug 1863  [7] – This John is 18 years old
    • A BUSHRANGER SHOT DEAD.--On Thursday morning Senior-constable Murphy, stationed at Binda, accompanied by Constable Molloy, went to the hut of a Mrs. Cummins, on Menangle Creek, near Bolong, in this district, in search of her two sons, who were suspected of having recently robbed some settlers
      near Taralga. After searching the place they found John, the younger of the two, concealed in a loft. Murphy was getting up to apprehend him when he twice fired a pistol or revolver at the constables. They returned his fire, but without effect, though one of the balls he subsequently admitted grazed the leg of
      his trousers. He then surrendered. The police took a horse of his mother's, and mounting Cummins on it proceeded towards Binda, Murphy leading the prisoner's horse and Molloy a few yards behind. They had gone some seven or eight miles on their way, and were within half-a-mile of Thalaba, when a shot
      was fired from the bush on the roadside, which took effect on the back part of Cummins's head just behind the ear. He fell forward, gave one groan, and expired. The police did not see any one; but instantly after the shot was fired they heard the sound of a horse galloping away. The shot was evidently intended for Murphy, who was abreast of his prisoner; but the latter was between Murphy and the man that fired the shot. The deceased was only about eighteen years of age; but was a powerful young fellow, nearly six feet two inches in height. He is described as presenting every indication of being a thorough ruffian. His elder brother, Lawrence Cummins, of whom also the police were in search, is supposed to have been the person who fired the shot.--Goulburn Herald. [At the inquest held on Monday, a verdict was returned of wilful murder against some person unknown ]
      respondent writes:--A very shocking accident
      occurred here on Friday last, the 31st ultino,
      which was nearly proving fatal. It appears
      that as the Mynora was about to start for
      Moruya a rope was jammed just in the paddle
      boxes. One of the sailors went to clear the
      same, when his weight caused the wheel to
      turn and his leg and thigh were drawn into
      the same, completely tearing the flesh from
      his thigh downwards into ribbons, and laying
      the bone bare. His screams brought the cap-
      tain and mate to his assistance, who immedi-
      ately turned the wheel back, and released
      him as well as they could. In reversing the
      wheel they were surprised to hear another
      sailor shout out from the other wheel, he hav-
      ing gone in unknown to any one, and on the
      reversing to the other one they got him out as
      soon as possible, when it was found that his
      ankle and the lower part of his leg were very
      seriously injured. There being no doctor here
      the captain put on all the steam he could for
      Moruya, when he called in the services of Dr.
      Gregory, who at once attended. It took him
      two hours to dress the wounds of the men.
      They are both doing as well as can be expec-
      ted, but the first sailor is not out of dangerFix this text
      yet.--Braidwood Dispatch.
    Newspaper 4 Sep 1863  [8] – This John is 18 years old
      ON Sunday last, just as divine service was concluded,  considerable excitement was caused by the arrival in town of a party of policemen in coloured clothes with a dray, in which was the dead body of Lowry, the noted bushranger, and the following prisoners :- Lawrence Cummins, charged with robbery under arms, and supposed to be the man who lately shot his brother, John Cummins, when on his way to Binda in custody on a charge of bushranging ; Thomas Vardy, licensed victualler of the Limerick Races Inn, Cook's Vale Creek ; Robert and Henry Hogan, Vardy's stepsons ; and Thomas Brown, James Williams, a lad of sixteen, and John Watson, an aboriginal native, employed in Vardy's service. The last six named prisoners were all charged with harbouring bushrangers, and with being accessory to robberies after the fact.
      The body of Lowry was removed to the hospital, where, in the course of the afternoon, it was seen by numbers of people. He appears to have been a very tall young man, measuring six feet two inches, and probably weighing thirteen stone, well made, with small hands and feet, white skin, small moustache, and a particularly well-developed chest. Taken altogether he was physically a very fine man. He is described as having been twenty-seven years of age ; and although he must have led a life of mingled dissipation and hardship, he did not appear to be any older.
      Some doubt was expressed as to the body being that of Lowry, the bushranger; Mr. Horsford, the gaoler, who had known Lowry at Cockatoo Island, where he was undergoing a sentence under the name of Frederick M'Gregor, considered that the hair was much darker than that of the man he had known, and that he was much stouter, and was of opinion that deceased was not Lowry, though he was not able to speak positively. Mr. Fogg, a settler at the Narrawa, and his wife came into town on Monday and saw the body, which they declared was not that of Lowry ; but it seemed they have not seen Lowry for three years, and although called at the inquest they did not attend. On the other hand, the Rev. H. H. Gaud, who had seen Lowry some twelve months back, believed that deceased was he, as did also Mr. Moses Baird, who, however, had not seen Lowry for seven or eight years. The evidence taken at the inquest is all in favour of the view of deceased being identical with Lowry ; and it is quite certain that he was the man who robbed the Goulburn mail on the 2nd July last-Mr. Futter, Captain Morphy, and the coachman (Michael Curran) having positively identified him, and Captain Morphy's watch having been found in his possession.  There is every reason to believe that he is the man who in conjunction with Foley robbed the Mudgee mail. Foley and Lowry, it may be remembered, escaped together from Bathurst gaol on the 13th February last.
      As considerable curiosity exists to know under what circumstances Lowry became an inmate of Bathurst gaol, we copy the following from the Bathurst Free Press of January the 7th ;-" On New Year's Day races were held at a place called Brisbane Valley, near the head of the Fish River Creek. Among the parties present were two men for whom the police were on the look-out, and whose names are, respectively, Lowry and Foley. After the races, the man Lowry attempted to bail up the persons present. Two, however, refused to go into the house, when Lowry fired upon them. The ball grazed the cheek of one of the race visitors, and struck a horse that stood close by, on the hip. A young man named Foran then rushed at Lowry, when the latter immediately fired, and shot the poor young fellow through the right lung. Dr. Eaton, was sent for, was of opinion that the ball had lodged in the region of the spine. Notwithstanding that Foran was thus wounded, he sprang at once upon the villain, end was enabled to hold him till other assistance coming forward he was effectually secured," The Sydney Morning Herald about the same date had the following further particulars :-" News was received in town last evening to the effect that a man named Lowry or Boyd, was captured in the vicinity
      of the Fish River, by a party of police and civilians, who were out in search of him. It is stated that he made a most determined resistance, and severely wounded one of the party by shooting him in the breast. He was secured, however, and conveyed under a strong guard to Bathurst gaol. There are several charges of robbery against him, and his apprehension will be a source of gratification to the inhabitants of the district, to whom he has long been a terror and a pest."
      The prisoner Cummins was brought up in the gaol, on Monday, before the police magistrate, Captains Hovell and Cloete, and Mr. M. Marks, J.P. The reporters of the Press were admitted on the understanding that the evidence should not be published at present. The prisoner was remanded till Monday next.
      Thomas Vardy was brought before their worships immediately after Cummins' case had been dealt with, charged with harbouring bushrangers. He also was remanded till Monday next. Yesterday the remaining prisoners were similarly brought up in the gaol before the police magistrate and Mr. Marks. Mr. Gannon appeared on behalf of the two Hogans. The prisoners were remanded till Friday, Brown and Watson being sent to the lock-up and the others detained in gaol.
      At three o'clock on Monday, Dr. Waugh, coroner of the district, held an inquest at the hospital, when the following evidence was taken : Senior-sergeant James Stephenson deposed : I am stationed at Goulburn ; I have seen the body on which this inquest is now sitting ; on the 29th instant, accompanied by constable Herbet and detectives Camphin and Saunderson, I went on horseback to Thomas Vardy's public-house, at Cook's Vale Creek, about seven o'clock in the morning from information received and by virtue of a search warrant to search the house of Vardy for bank-notes supposed to be stolen from the Mudgee mail ; previous to arriving there I directed Herbset to go round to the rear of the house to see that no person should leave, with in-
      structions that if he saw any one about to leave to challenge them in the Queen's name to stand, and if they did not to shoot them; I directed Camphin to keep guard in front with the same instructions, while Saunderson and myself would search the house ; at the same time I told all the men that I suspected Frederick Lowry, the bushranger, was in the house, and to be prepared ; we then dashed up to the house ; we saw a girl, who seemed to be frightened and who was half-crying ; Saunderson and I dismounted, hung our horses up to the front of the house, and went on to the verandah ; I asked the girl if there was anyone in her room; she said "no;" I looked in and saw only a little child ; the girl was about half-dressed ; I then went into the bar and called for Vardy the landlord ; Vardy came out of his bedroom into the hall adjoining the bar ; I asked if he had any strangers in the house ; he said " yes ;" I asked where they where ; he nodded his head to the room they were in ; I asked if he knew who they were ; he said no, and to look out ; I went to the parlour-door adjoining the room he mentioned and leading to it ; it was locked inside ; I knocked and asked for admittance ; I got no answer ; I then said if the door wore not opened at once I would break it open ; I then knocked my shoulder against the door for the purpose of breaking it open ; I failed in the first attempt, and I no sooner took my shoulder away than a shot was fired from inside, and a voice exclaimed "I'll fight you, b__s ; " the shot came through the door and wounded the horse I had been riding in the back ; I removed the horse from that place and gave him to Vardy, and told him I should hold him responsible for him ; I then went back to the bar-door, and then the parlour door was opened and a man came out with a revolver in each hand crying out "I'm Lowry; come on ye b__'s, and I'll fight ye fair ;" at the same time he presented one of the revolvers at me ; I covered him directly ; I think we both fired together; at that time we were four or five yards apart ; he then advanced upon me within three feet ; I covered him again, and we both, fired in each other's faces ;  the second shot I fired he dropped his revolvers and staggered ; I jumped forward and seized him by the neck, struck him with my revolver on the head, and told him he was my prisoner ; I brought him into the  bar; he continued to struggle; Saunderson came to my assistance ; we then shoved the deceased into the
      yard, threw him on his back, and putting my knee on his chest I handcuffed him ; he then said he was Lowry, and was done ; I left Saunderson in charge of him in the yard and proceeded with Camphin to the bedroom in which Lowry had been sleeping, believing that there was another bushranger there; when I went into the parlour leading to the bedroom I called upon the man that was there to come out, or if not I would blow the head off him ; I got no answer, and  went in, and a man jumped out of bed ; I caught him by the neck and asked his name ; he said Larry Cummins ; Camphin and I brought him into the yard and handcuffed him ; I left Camphin in charge of Cummins in the yard ; I then proceeded to the bed-room, accompanied by constable Herbst, and found the revolver produced, capped and loaded, on the wash-stand, together with some clothing belonging to Cummins and Lowry ; I produce Lowry's
      vest [a black- cloth vest bound with blue, with  buttons like silver] ; it is similar to that described  as having been worn by the robber of the Mudgee mail; I produce a thin black cloth saccoat claimed by Lowry, a brown Inverness cape, another heavier one, a cabbage tree hat with broad black  ribbon, and an elastic riding-belt: one of the capes contained a flask of powder, a few percussion caps, two dice, a gold watch, chain, and key ; I believe, from the description, that the watch belongs to Captain Morphy, who was robbed on the Big Hill, Goulburn, on the 2nd July ; I also found two knives, one £50 note, and altogether £164 19s. 6d., in notes stolen from the Mudgee mail, all except £10 in notes, £2 in gold, and 19s. 6d. in silver ; the money, except the silver, was in a little bag in Lowry's trousers pocket; after I had made a search in the house I arrested Thomas Vardy for harbouring the two bushrangers, Lowry and Cummins ; and I also arrested Henry Hogan, Robert Hogan, James Williams, Thomas Brown, and John Watson, for being accessories after the fact ; they were all on the premises ; I found three horses in the stable ; Vardy stated one was rode by Lowry there the night previous ; he was a bay horse ; the brand is very indistinct ; I think it is FK on near shoulder ; the others were a grey and a chesnut, both of which Vardy stated belonged to his stepson, Mick Hogan ; Vardy also stated that Lowry and Cummins arrived there about nine o'clock the previous evening ; Cum- mins rode the grey there, she having been lent him by Mick Hogan ; Vardy also said that Lowry had one of the revolvers produced in his belt ; I asked if he knew him; he said no, that he was a gentle- manly fellow - he thought he was some swell ; in the encounter with Lowry I wore the coat I now have on; the revolver I had in my hand now shows the mark of where a ball struck it on the barrel ; the bullet then grazed my right knuckles and went up my sleeve ; the hair was burnt off my wrist ; I think this was the first shot ; I did not feel it till   afterwards ; I have another shot-hole through the     right side of my coat about level with the waist ; this shot did not injure me ; I find, by the Police Gazette of the 4th of March, 1863, that the deceased answers the description of a man named Frederick Lowry, as follows :-"Twenty-seven years of ago ; six feet one.or two inches high ; raw-boned and awkward build, very long arms, long light hair, little hair on chin, head small, features small and angular ; lower part of face recedes ; walks with an awkward gait ; " I had no time to observe his walk ; the hair is rather darker than I should imagine from the description ; I got a horse and dray, and placing Lowry in it arrived at Woodhouseleigh at half-past six p.m. ; the deceased suffered very much on the way, choking in the throat, and seemed to be like suffocated ; the place I shot him was near the windpipe ; when I arrived at Woodhouseleigh I found that the dray-horses could not reach Goulburn that night; I stopped at Mr. Pratton's public-house, and despatched a messenger to Goulburn for Dr. Waugh and more police, as I thought Lowry would not live to arrive in Goulburn ; four policemen arrived about half-past two in the morning, and Dr. Waugh about three ; he attended to the deceased ; Dr. Waugh told deceased he would not live long, and that he had best prepare to meet his Maker ; some time after deceased asked for Dr. Waugh, and stated in my presence to the doctor that he thought he was going to die; Dr. Waugh asked prisoner what was his name ; his answer was "Lowry;" the doctor then asked him his christian name? he answered that his name was Thomas Frederick Lowry ; he did not live long after, about half an hour ; he died about six o'clock in the morn- ing of the 30th ; Dr. Waugh was present when he   died ; on the same morning we started from Wood houseleigh, about seven o'clock, and arrived in Goul- burn about one o'clock the same day ; I left the corpse at the hospital ; Vardy offered no impediment to finding where the prisoners were ; I have not the least doubt that this is the body of Lowry ; the watch has just now been identified by Captain Morphy. . Albert William Handford deposed : I am a legally qualified medical practitioner and reside in Goulburn ; I have heard the previous evidence ; I yesterday after- noon made a post mortem examination of the deceased male adult on which this inquest is now sitting ; he appeared to be from about twenty-seven to thirty years of age ; his height was from six feet one inch and a half to two inches; I measured him ; the body was dressed in drab Bedford cord riding breeches, welling- ton boots, and new brown jumper, the cuffs and breasts of which were ornamented with puce coloured plaid with black bars ; on examining the body externally I found the letttrs MF two-thirds of the way down the outer side of the right arm; also a contused wound of the scalp, two and a half inches in length, on the upper part of the head, on the right side ; there was another on the upper and back part of the head, on the left side ; the neck, face, and side were emphysematous ; on the right side of the neck there was a wound ; it presented the usual appearance of a gunshot wound ; there were no other external marks of violence; on deflecting the skin from the throat I found a quantity of dark venous blood beneath and near the site of the wound ; on examining the muscles of the neck I found a track through which some foreign body had passed between the trachea and the oesophagus ; suppuration had commenced; I examined every part of the neck for two or three hours very carefully, but failed to discover the ball ; I also examined the cavities of the chest and abdomen ; the viscera were perfectly healthy and uninjured, as also the walls of the chest ; I did not proceed further with the examination because the authorities feared that the identity of the deceased might be destroyed ; I think the bullet is lodged in the back of the neck ; I have no doubt deceased died from the wound I have described. Richard John Morphy deposed : I am a captain in  the Indian army, at present residing near Bungonia ; I have seen the body on which this inquest is sitting ; to the best of my belief I saw him before, on the 2nd July, on the Big Hill, near Goulburn, when Mr. Futter and I were bailed up by two men ; the watch, chain, and key produced are mine ; they were taken from me by deceased's mate ; deceased was the man who was on horseback when I was robbed ; I had no idea of his name ; some one on the coach said they were Gardiner and Lowry.   The watch was here delivered up to Captain Morphy. Moses Baird deposed : I have seen the body on which the inquest is sitting ; I saw deceased before about eight years ago ; he resembles Lowry very much ; I would not swear he is the man. [A telegram was here produced stating that Mr. Kater, the bank clerk who had charge of the parcel of notes stolen from the Mudgee mail, could not attend until Thursday.] Dr. Waugh stated that after telling deceased that he could not live, deceased stated that his name was Thomas Frederick Lowry ; he was then perfectly sensible.  Sergeant Stephenson stated that the man knew he was dying, and requested that a priest might be sent for, and prayers read Michael Curran deposed : I have seen the body ; is that of the taller chap that stuck me up on the hill ; Copeland asked if his name was Gilbert; he said "never mind." Detective William Camphin deposed : I am em- ployed in the Goulburn district; I have seen the body ; it is that of the person arrested by senior-ser- geant Stephenson; I accompanied deceased to Goul- burn, and was with him a few minutes before he died; he asked for a priest ; I said have you anything to   say ; he said that he had a good deal, which he would say to the priest ; I said that there was no possibility of getting one till we reached Goulburn ; he then asked if I would do him a favour ; I said that if it did not interfere with my duty I would ; he then told me that he had a brother-in-law named Elliott in the em- ploy of a person named Cummins living on the Lach- lan, and he wished me to let him know that he had died game; he said that he had always said that he would not be taken alive but would fight for it ; he said that the reason why he fought so was that he knew he should be hung if taken ; that he   didn't like lo die a coward; I said I was very near you when you broke out of Bathurst   gaol ; he asked my name ; I told him ; I was at Bathurst when the prisoners broke out of gaol, and I saw two men, one of whom was Mortimer and the other said to be Lowry, running away ; I got my horse, went in pursuit, and captured Mortimer ; I asked and deceased answered some questions with respect to the course he had taken on the occasion of his making his escape ; he asked me to stay with him, but I had to attend to the other prisoners ; as he wanted prayers read to him; I asked the other prisoners if they would read to him ; they all said they could not read ; I asked what prayers he would have he said he was a Roman Catholic ; we then all knelt down and I read the Catholic prayers; in my con- versation with him I always called him Lowry ; he always answered to it ; I was present when he told Dr. Waugh that his name was Lowry ; I read the Catholic litany for departing souls, and deceased sometimes repeated the responses ; in height and appearance deceased resembled the man I saw running away on the occasion of my capturing Mortimer, but I did not bee that man's face ; I have no doubt that the deceased was Lowry. Detective John Saunderson deposed to the same effect as Stephenson. He also confirmed Camphin's statement as to the deceased saying that his name was Lowry ; he was under the impression when Vardy spoke that he knew the parties were bush- rangers ; Cummins asked to be allowed to ride the horse, the grey, which he said Harry Hogan had lent   him yesterday ; Hogan was step son to Vardy The Rev. Henry H. Gaud, Wesleyan minister stated that his opinion was that the deceased was Lowry ; he had last seen Lowry about twelve months ago ; saw him near Bathurst ; had not frequent opportunities of seeing him. Robert Hogan, brought up in Custody, deposed : I am a Catholic, and a carrier ; I mostly live at the Limerick Races, kept by Thomas Vardy, my step- father ; I have seen the body : I had known the de- ceased only the evening before he was taken ; never saw him before to my knowledge ; I was in no way acquainted with him ; he came alone ; he asked for the parlour, and had his horse put in the stable ; we took him for a gentleman; he seemed best acquainted with the grog; Cummins came afterwards ; Lowry, as you say he is, did not shake hands with Vardy ; they went to bed between nine and ten ; I was not much in their company ; I don't know how they came to go to bed together ; I can't say whether they had tea together ; Vardy and mother look after the domestic arrangements; the deceased and Cummins had some grog, and I had some with them : they went   to bed in a little bedroom off the parlour ; I was in bed before them ; I did not hear Cummins call deceased by name; I knew Cummins ten or eleven years ; heard he was accused of robbing some huts near Taralga, but not of his being accused of robbing Pennington, nor of shooting his brother; Cummins was not in the habit of stopping at our place, and I am often away from home ; the police had been at our place ; I can't say whom they were looking for ; I dare say Vardy knows Cummins very well; the mare Cummins rode to our place belonged to my brother Michael ; he lives five miles from us ; Cummins did not tell me whose horse it was ; I did not introduce the deceased, Lowry, as my cousin at a ball at Kangaloolah ; I introduced no one as my cousin. I was there ; there were two or three there with ponchos ; I did not see deceased at Laggan, to my recollection ; I heard him say he was Lowry when he was taken ; I never heard him say so before ; I did not see whether he had revolvers. Henry Hogan, also brought up in custody, deposed : I live at Limerick with my step-father, Vardy; I am sometimes carrying and sometimes assist to farm ; I have seen the body ; I believe it to he Lowry's body I don't know which Lowry; I was at Vardy's on last Friday night ; I had been away at Carrabungla ; it is about sixteen miles from Larry Cummins's ; he lives near Bolong ; I have never seen Lowry before to know him ; I swear on my oath that I never saw him before that night ; I had no further conversation than that he treated some people to liquor ; my mother serves in the bar ; I never serve in it ; I had about two glasses with them ; he had tea in the parlour, I don't know with whom ; I have known Cummins since he was a little boy, about ten years ; he came afterwards ; he said he was riding my brother's horse, that he went over to my brother's to look for a horse and lost his horse, and that my brother lent him a mare ; our place is nearer to my brother's than Mrs. Cummins; I heard Cummins was wanted by the police ; we take the papers, but I can't read well ; Cummins was not in the habit of coming to our place very often; I was at the ball at Kangaloolah ; there were a great many persons there I did not know ; my brother Robert was at the ball ; Mick was not ; there was a cousin of mine there. James Williams, brought up in custody, deposed ; I am sixteen years old ; I am a Protestant of the Church of England ; I don't think I have been to church since I was christened ; I don't know the nature of an oath ; I cannot read and write ; I have known the Hogans only three weeks ; I recollect my mother ; I lived at Mr. Mackenzie's, on the Barwon; I came from there to Micky Berrell's ; it was about four weeks ago ; I was going to draw stuff from the bush for Vardy, but the bush was too boggy ; I never saw Lowry with my eyes before I saw him lying down shot ; I heard tea ordered in the parlour; I was in bed ; I went to bed about seven o'clock; I   I sleep in a verandah room with the blackfellow; I got up when the police came ; the sun was half an hour or an hour high ; a ball came by the door, and I was afraid to go out till the firing was over ; I saw Lowry lying in the back yard ; I first heard the man's name was Lowry when the sergeant asked his name. Thomas Brown, brought up in custody, deposed:   I am a labouring man in the employ of Thomas Vardy ; I have been there three years ; I sleep in a shed about a hundred yards from the house ; I take  in the horses that come ; I was in bed when Lowry came ; I can't tell when I went to bed ; it was long | after dark ; I did not see Cummins at all ; when I got I up I saw the dead man's horse, and two more of the Hogans' ; the boys look after the horses when I am not about ; they were at home then ; I did not hear any horses go into the stable that night; I got up about six, when the police came there ; I heard the shots going off, but saw nothing; I never heard it said that the deceased was not Lowry ; I never had any knowledge of the deceased. John Watson, an aboriginal, brought up in custody, deposed ; I was born at the Darling Downs ; I have lived this side a good bit with Johnny Hogan, uncle to these two young men ; he lives at the mountains, Fish River ; I came to Vardy's last Christmas ; I am breaking in horses ; I sleep in a little room with Williams ; I recollect Friday night ; I think I went to bed first; Brown looks after the stable ; I went to bed just as the moon rose; in the morning looked through the window and saw some police come ; I knew them by their riding ; I drank some rum after I went to bed ; Mrs, Vardy gave it to me ; I always get grog after I go to bed ; I did not go out to the bar alter I went to bed ; I never saw Lowry before ; I know Cummins since last summer; he often comes to Vardy's ; he comes every week ; he was there on Monday night ; Mick Hogan was with him ; the other man with a pistol had been there last Sunday (yester- day) week ; I thought he was a policeman ; he was riding a bay horse ; I never heard his name; he did not treat me; I saw him pull out a bundle of notes and some gold ; I never saw him play with dice; I saw him there four times. Lawrence Cummins, brought up in custody, deposed : I am twenty years old ; I live seven or eight miles from Vardy's ; I don't ride there very often; there is no other public-house nearer ; it was, I think, about a month before since I was there ; I am not sure what this month is ; I don't think I was at Vardy's this night week ; I never knew Lowry till the morning he was apprehended ; I most forget where I had supper; I had liquor in; I came after dark ; I found there the man who was shot ; he asked me to drink with him ; I did so ; he paid for it; I don't recollect his changing notes ; I think he treated all hands; I don't recollect the blackfellow, or Williams being called up ; I think that man (Lowry) called the Hogans; I went to bed in the room; Lowry slept with me; I thought he was a gentleman off Tuena ; Mrs. Vardy told me to sleep there ; she said the beds were short ; it is the best bedroom ; I have slept there before; he did not tell me his name, but he heard me called by name; I had heard the police were after me a month or so; I was going to surrender myself; I did not come to attend the funeral; we do not attend our relative's  funerals in that part of the country; we leave strangers to do that ; I was not at the ball at Kangaloolah; I did not know I was sleeping with Lowry; I did not know he had revolvers till the morning, when he got up and pulled them out of his cloak ; I was going to come out and surrender ; I saw only two revolvers ; I heard him say his name was Lowry after you shot him, not before ; when he took the revolvers I said I would open the door; he told me to stop where I was ; he did not tell me there were the police ; he never told me what he was going to do ; the girl called out that horsemen were coming ; she did not say police ; Lowry never gave me a £10 note ; the note I gave to my wife I got from a travelling man, to whom I sold a horse at Sharwood's ; the man appeared to be a digger ; I forget his name. This closed the evidence. The jury returned a verdict of justifiable homicide, and found that the body was that of Thomas Frederick Lowry. They also added the following rider to their verdict :- "That it is our opinion that great praise is due to senior-sergeant Stephenson, for his active, judicious, and courageous conduct on the occasion."  The body will be kept till Thursday, when Mr. Kater is expected to arrive. In the meantime some photographic likenesses of deceased have been taken by Mr. Gregory. 
    Person ID I170 Turner
    Last Modified 18 Aug 2014 

    Father William CUMMINS,   b. 1790, Tipperary, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1841, Tipperary, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Mother Catherine RYAN,   b. Abt 1792, Tipperary, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Abt 1824 Tipperary, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1206 Group Sheet,  Family chart

    Family Margaret ST JOHN,   b. Abt 1826, Holycross, Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1912, Laggan, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 86 years) 
    Married 1854 Bahalohin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
     1. Catherine Maria "Kitty" CUMMINS,   b. Abt 1854, Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jul 1940, Crookwell, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 86 years)
     2. Margaret CUMMINS,   b. 8 Nov 1856, Richlands, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 May 1933, Crookwell, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)
     3. Joseph CUMMINS,   b. 25 May 1859, Crookwell, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Aug 1937, Laggan, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
     4. John CUMMINS,   b. 12 Jun 1863,   d. 20 Mar 1896, Crookwell, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 32 years)
    Last Modified 18 Aug 2014 
    Family ID F56 Group Sheet,  Family chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1854 - Bahalohin, Ireland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - Widower maybe "Simmonds" - 12 Apr 1855 - Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - Widower maybe "Simmonds" - 14 Apr 1855 - Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - "Vocalist" - 9 Oct 1856 - Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - 8 Nov 1856 - Richlands, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Abt 1863 - Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsNewspaper - This John is 18 years old - 11 Aug 1863 - Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • On the birth certifcate of his daughter Margaret in 1858, mother is given as Margaret Dudegn

      Birthplace on birth certificate of his daughter Margaret in 1856 is given as 'Parish Wide Road' Ireland.
      Also witness to the birth is a Mrs L. Cummins. Is this a sister-in-law of John?

      John Cummins, born about 1824 at Holy Cross married Margaret Sigen (or St. John). It is known that John served the British Army for some years. A child born in 1854 in Ireland survived, but a son died. By November 1856, Margaret Cummins (nee St. John) was at Mianga Creek with her in-laws, & John arrived, probably later. After his death in 1863, Margaret married John Jones in 1864.
      <""> [4, 9]

  • Sources 
    1. [S27] Cummins, Margaret. 1856 Birth Transcript NSW, (1856)/6625 (Reliability: 4).
      Age given as 32 years.

    2. [S154] State Records of New South Wales, (Reliability: 3).

    3. [S409] New South Wales, Australia, Assisted Immigrant Passenger Lists, 1828-1896.

    4. [S27] Cummins, Margaret. 1856 Birth Transcript NSW, (1856)/6625 (Reliability: 4).

    5. [S44] NSW BDM online, (<"">, 3646/1863 CUMMINS JOHN WILLIAM CATHERINE GOULBURN (Reliability: 3).

    6. [S241] The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954), Article identifier

      Page identifier

      APA citation
          GOULBURN. (1863, August 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4 (Reliability: 3).

    7. [S451] Queanbeyan Age and General Advertiser (NSW : 1860 - 1867), GUNDAROO PROPER. (1863, August 13). Queanbeyan Age and General Advertiser (NSW : 1860 - 1867), p. 2. Retrieved August 18, 2014, from (Reliability: 3).

    8. [S241] The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954), THE CAPTURE AND DEATH OF LOWRY, THE BUSHRANGER. (1863, September 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved August 18, 2014, from (Reliability: 3).

    9. [S241] The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842-1954), Article identifier
      Page identifier
      APA citation
      GOULBURN. (1863, August 11). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved August 15, 2014, from http:/ (Reliability: 3).